Noah Tamarkin is an assistant professor of Anthropology and Science & Technology Studies at Cornell University and a research associate at the Wits Institute for Social and Economic Research (WISER) at the University of the Witwatersrand in Johannesburg, South Africa. His research examines how DNA transforms power and politics as it becomes unevenly part of everyday life through technologies like ancestry testing and criminal forensics. His book, Genetic Afterlives: Black Jewish Indigeneity in South Africa (Duke University Press 2020), ethnographically examines the politics of race, religion, and recognition among Lemba people, Black South Africans who were part of Jewish genetic ancestry studies in the 1980s and 1990s. The book asks how the stakes of genetic data change when approached from the perspective of research subjects rather than genetics researchers. His work has also appeared in Cultural Anthropology, American Anthropologist, History and Anthropology, Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, and Catalyst: Feminism, Theory, Technoscience. At Cornell, he teaches courses that explore race and religion; borders and belonging; policing, carcerality and abolition; biology and society; and the temporalities of genetics.
Carceral Afterlives: Postcolonial Forensic Genetics in a Securitizing World
As a faculty fellow at the Society for the Humanities, Noah Tamarkin will continue work on his multi-sited ethnographic and archival project investigating the reverberations of a 2015 South African law that established a national forensic DNA database and that tasked the South African Police Service with expanding and managing it. The project situates this DNA database alongside a range of related activities such as academic genomics research, private expert witness consultation, criminal trials, non-governmental organization advocacy, and the founding of South Africa’s first professional association for forensic scientists. Tamarkin theorizes this as an expanding carceral network that exemplifies a global shift from discourses of human rights and humanitarianism to investments in carcerality and securitization. His work suggests that such carceral networks are part of a larger story of the changing state in the twenty-first century in which carcerality is emerging as one of its primary characteristics, and that this takes on particular significance in the postcolonial and global South contexts where national DNA databases are now proliferating. Specifically, South Africa’s apartheid history, its postapartheid negotiations about the status of legal pluralism, and its capacity challenges coupled with its position as a technological leader in a region that in global terms is vastly underrepresented in science and technology all make this project an important case that productively troubles our interpretations of the growing cultural, political, and legal significance of DNA. The project theorizes the following forms of afterlives crystalized through genetics: carceral afterlives of human rights; the afterlives of apartheid; techno-political afterlives in the sense of carceral technology transfer from the global north to the global south; and infrastructural afterlives as initial investments are sustained or fall away. The ethnographic research for this project has been funded by the National Science Foundation, the Wenner Gren Foundation, and the Ohio State University’s Criminal Justice Research Center.
- Genetic Afterlives: Black Jewish Indigeneity in South Africa. Durham: Duke University Press, 2020.
Articles and Book Chapters:
- “Forensics and Fortification in South African Self-Captivity.” History and Anthropology, 2019. 30.5: 521-526.
- Year in Review Essay: “Time and Relational Possibility: Cultural Anthropology in 2017.” American Anthropologist, 2018. 120.2: 305-327.
- “Engagements with Decolonization and Decoloniality in and at the Interfaces of STS: Introduction,” co-authored with Kristina Lyons and Juno Parreñas. Catalyst: Feminism, Theory, Technoscience, 2017. 3.1: 1-10.
- “Genetic Ancestry and Decolonizing Possibilities.” Catalyst: Feminism, Theory, Technoscience, 2017. 3.1:14-19.
- “Jewish Genetics.” In Oxford Bibliographies in Jewish Studies, edited by Naomi Seidman. New York: Oxford University Press. October 26, 2015.
- “Genetic Diaspora: Producing Knowledge of Genes and Jews in Rural South Africa.” Cultural Anthropology, 2014. 29.3: 552-574. (Awarded the 2015 American Anthropological Association General Anthropology Prize for Exemplary Cross-Field Scholarship; Reprinted 2016 in Déjá Lu. 4.1: 1)
- “African Indigenous Citizenship,” co-authored with Rachel Giraudo. The Routledge Handbook of Global Citizenship Studies, 2014. Edited by Engin F. Isin and Peter Nyers, 545-556. New York: Routledge.
- “Religion as Race, Recognition as Democracy: Lemba ‘Black Jews’ in South Africa.” Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 2011. 637.1: 148-164.
- “Respect, care, and labor in collaborative scholarly projects,” co-authored among twenty-six members of the Somatosphere editorial collective, Somatosphere: Science, Medicine, and Anthropology, July 2, 2018.
- “Genetic Ancestry as an Optic: Reconciliation Revisioned, Diaspora Revived,” in Book Forum—Alondra Nelson’s The Social Lives of DNA, edited by Eugene Raikhel. Somatosphere: Science, Medicine, and Anthropology, January 24, 2018.
- Black Lives Matter Syllabus Week 13: Noah Tamarkin on thinking with South African Activists and Artists, Anthropoliteia, December 7, 2016.